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About Ste. Genevieve

 

Landmarks Memorandum
Cover Memo to board
re: Ordinance Revisions

2014 Historical Preservation Ordinance Official Draft

 
Ste. Genevieve Historical District

The Ste. Genevieve Historic District contains buildings, structures and sites representative of the city’s history from its founding in its current location in the late 1700’s to the mid-twentieth century. Included within the district are a total of 824 buildings (including outbuildings). Of these buildings, 646 or 78% contribute to the district’s significance. The district comprises an entity that is significant under National Register of Historic Places criteria, A, C and D. Areas of significance include architecture, archaeology, commerce, community planning and development, ethnic heritage– black, ethnic heritage-European, exploration and settlement, industry and transportation. (see map of Historic District)

The National Register nomination for the Ste. Genevieve Historic District was prepared under the umbrella of the Historic Resources of Ste. Genevieve, Missouri Multiple Property Documentation form. This document defines 29 property types, all of which are represented within the historic district. These property types include French vertical log houses, Anglo-American timber-frame and horizontal log buildings, German brick and wood buildings, Anglo-American stone houses, Federal style houses, Greek Revival style houses, T-plan houses, Italianate style houses, Second Empire style houses, Queen Anne/Victorian vernacular houses, I-houses, gable front and wing plan houses, American foursquare houses, shotgun houses, a stack house, Twentieth century vernacular houses, Colonial Revival houses, Bungalow/Craftsman houses, Tudor revival houses, Cape Cod houses, ranch and split level houses, commercial buildings, industrial and railroad buildings, governmental, civic and educational buildings, churches, bridges, a cemetery and archeological sites.

The national register historic district includes all those contiguous areas of Ste. Genevieve with a generally high level of architectural integrity areas in which substantial development occurred by 1951. The northern edge of the district is defined on the east by North Main Street and on the north by Roberts Street. The district extends west to Biltmore Street at the north edge, Seventh Street in the central section and Fourth Street in the southern section of the district. The southern portion of the district is generally defined by Seraphin Street and St. Mary’s Road. The eastern edge of the district is largely defined by North Main Street, St. Mary’s Road and Front Street.

Early pivotal buildings in the district are included as contributing resources in the National Historic Landmark District, designated in 1960 by the United States Department of the Interior. The actual boundaries of the NHL District were established in 1969 and include 49 contributing properties constructed pre-1825. The boundaries roughly follow the same as those of the NR District, except that the west boundary line extends down Market Street to Highway 61, the north boundary line extends to Riverview Drive (beyond Robert Street) and the southern boundary extends down St. Mary’s Road to the Highway 61 intersection; the entire common (big) field area along the Mississippi River is also included with the boundaries.

National Historic Landmarks are nationally significant places that illustrate important themes, persons, or events in American history. The National Historic Landmarks Program recognizes properties of national significance in the Nation’s history, architecture, archeology, engineering and culture. Ste. Genevieve’s NHL District significance lies within its concentration of the finest surviving architectural French colonial architecture in the nation.

Because Ste. Genevieve recognizes the significance of its historic resources, design guidelines for demolition, alterations, additions, and construction on properties within the district have been adopted. A set of these design guidelines may be picked up at City Hall from the Planning and Zoning Administrator. Prior to any demolition, alteration, addition or construction is conducted on a property, a Certificate of Appropriateness (CoA) must first be obtained from the Ste. Genevieve Historic Preservation and Landmarks Commission. The CoA application can be downloaded from the “Forms” page on the city’s website. Applications for a CoA are accepted and reviewed by the Planning and Zoning Administrator and must be submitted by the first Monday of each month to be included on that month’s Commission agenda.

 

 

 
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
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The City of Ste. Genevieve
165 S. 4th Street
Ste. Genevieve MO 63670
 
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